There are a number of established organizations dedicated to the eradication of hazing as an accepted rite of passage. as follows
Anti-Hazing Laws in the United States:
Title IX and The Clery Act – The Clery Act was named after Jeanne Clery, who was raped and murdered in her dorm room by a fellow student on April 5, 1986. Her parents championed the Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Crime Statistics Act (Clery Act) in her memory. This Act is a federal law that requires colleges to report crimes that occur “on campus” and school safety policies. This information is available each year in an Annual Security Report (ASR), which can be found on your school’s website. The Clery Act also requires schools to have timely warning when there are known risks to public safety on campus. Title IX is not just about sports; it is a prohibition against sex-based discrimination in education. It addresses discrimination against pregnant and parenting students and women in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) programs. It also addresses sexual harassment, gender-based discrimination, and sexual violence. Sexual violence includes attempted or completed rape or sexual assault, as well as sexual harassment, stalking, voyeurism, exhibitionism, verbal or physical sexuality-based threats or abuse, and intimate partner violence.
Anti-Hazing Policies at Colleges and Universities:
- Dartmouth College
- Marist College
- Stanford University
- University of Texas at Austin
- University of Michigan
- Towson University
- Florida State University
- University of Central Florida
- Northwestern University
- Liberty University
- Ohio State University
- Syracuse University
- Texas A&M
- Boston College
- Florida International
- Arizona State University
- Clemson University
- Delaware State University
- University of Washington
- University of North Florida
Hazing Stats and Facts:
Hazing is an epidemic in our society.
- 1.5 million high school students are hazed each year; 47% of students came to college already having experienced hazing.
- 55% of college students involved in clubs, teams and organizations experience hazing.
- Alcohol consumption, humiliation, isolation, sleep-deprivation, and sexual acts are hazing practices common across all types of student groups.
- 40% of athletes who reported being involved in hazing behaviors report that a coach or advisor was aware of the activity; 22% report that the coach was involved.
- 2 in 5 students say they are aware of hazing taking place on their campus. More than 1 in 5 report that they witnessed hazing personally.
- In 95% of cases where students identified their experience as hazing, they did not report the events to campus officials.
- Nine out of ten students who have experienced hazing behavior in college do not consider themselves to have been hazed.
- 36% of students say they would not report hazing primarily because “there’s no one to tell,” and 27% feel that adults won’t handle it right.
- As of February 12, 2010, the number of recorded hazing/pledging/rushing-related deaths in fraternities and sororities stands at 96 – 90 males and 6 females.
- 82% of deaths from hazing involve alcohol.
*Data cited from the national study Hazing in View: Students at Risk conducted by Elizabeth Allan, Ph.D. and Mary Madden, Ph.D. from the University of Maine. The full report of both the pilot and complete national study are available at: http://www.hazingstudy.org.
Organizations Dealing with Sexual Assault on College Campuses:
Where can you find help?
Helpful Hotlines and Websites:
Academic Studies and Articles:
- Emory Law Journal – “Am I My Brother’s Keeper?” 1: Reforming Criminal Hazing Laws Based on Assumption of Care
- Pittsburgh Post Gazette, June 2, 2015 – Universities differ on revealing student discipline